LESSON 8 HOW DID RELIGION DRIVE PEOPLE APART? WHAT WERE THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE FIRST CRUSADE FOR EAST AND WEST INTERACTIONS?
What questions do you have?
I know - I think - I wonder!
What makes Jerusalem so significant?
What makes Jerusalem so holy?
There are increasing tensions between Israelis and Palestinians in Jerusalem, the fate of which is one of the most contentious issues in the Israel-Arab conflict. The BBC's Erica Chernofsky takes a closer look at why this city is so important to Christianity, Islam and Judaism, the three religions which trace their shared origins back to the biblical figure of Abraham.
Causes of the Crusades
In this activity you are going to use primary source material from the time of the First Crusade to explain what motivated Europeans to embark on the 2000 mile journey to Jerusalem and what they hoped to gain from this extraordinary decision. Read sources 1-8 and decide whether crusaders were motivated by Political (power), Economic (resources) or Social (social organization/religous) causes. Record your ideas including short quotes from the sources on the Venn diagram below:
With a partner read through the rest of the chapter and find out what happened over the next 200 years as new states were formed by the Christians (referred to by the muslims at this time as 'the Franks') and new waves of crusaders set out to gain and regain territory that was won and lost in the struggle to retain control of the 'Holy Land'. Use the following worksheet to record your findings:
Crusades with Terry Jones E1 of 4
Watch Crusades with Terry Jones E1 of 4 by William Ramey on Dailymotion here
Read through the timeline and be prepared to explain how the crusades came to an end.
The Crusades Timeline
The Crusades were a series of wars, from the early through the late Middle Ages, intended to retake Jerusalem and other historically Christian sites from Muslim forces. These wars served to unite Western Europe against a shared enemy. There were a number of smaller crusades, with a political or religious motive; however, these were largely confined to Europe.
The 200 year period of the crusades brought benefits and costs to those that were affected by them. It might surprise you to know however that most of the benefits were gained by Christian Europeans who militarily were defeated by the Turkish and Arab Muslims. How were both sides affected by the crusades and who were the real winners and losers and why?