Alexander II (1855–1881): the extent of reform
What type of Tsar would Alexander Become?
Motivations for Reform
Emancipation of the Serfs
- In what ways, and with what success, did Alexander II attempt to modernize Russia and preserve imperial power?
- “Alexander II tried to reform Russian institutions only because the Crimean War showed that Russia was no longer a great military power.” Use specific examples of Alexander’s reforms to show to what extent you agree with this assertion.
- To what extent did Alexander II’s reforms improve the lives of the Russian peasantry?
- To what extent did the reforms of Alexander II achieve his aims?
- To what extent did the reforms of Alexander II change Russian society by 1881?
- For what reasons, and with what results, did Alexander II try to reform Russian institutions?
- How consistent were the domestic policies of Alexander II?
- “Alexander II had no one to blame but himself for his assassination in 1881.” How far do you agree with this statement?
- “The most dangerous moment for a bad government is usually when it begins to reform itself.” How far do you agree with this assessment of Russia under Alexander II?
- “What happened in Russia during the reign of Alexander II (1855–1881) was more of a revolution than many that went by that name elsewhere.” To what extent do you agree with the assertion that Alexander II’s policies were revolutionary?
- “His measures of reform did not disguise his belief in the need to maintain autocratic rule.” To what extent do you agree with this view of Alexander II?
- “The reforms of Alexander II were mainly aimed at preserving Russian autocracy.” Discuss.
- To what extent do you agree that Alexander II transformed Russian society?
- Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Alexander II’s reforms.
- “Considering the difficulties, he inherited, Alexander II of Russia should be praised not criticised for his reforms.” To what extent do you agree with this judgment?
- To what extent did Alexander II’s reforms cause more problems than they solved?
Alexander II (1855–1881): the extent of reform - Exam Questions