History Introduction: Real or Fake? How do we know if what we read is true?
Watch the following documentary - answer the questions in your booklet
FAct CHecking - How do we know if what we read is accurate?
Your task is to fact check on two news articles that have recently made the news. Use the graphic on the left to help you investigate each article to see if they are accurate.
Select one of the following articles:
Media Bias - who is telling us the truth?
So.... now that you are an expert play the game to see how well you do
The Factitious: Pandemic Edition news game challenges you to spot misinformation about the pandemic. Thousands of teachers have adopted the game with students across the country playing nearly one million games since 2017
Real or fake? Can you trust what you see?
So....now that you are an expert try the real or fake image quiz
This quiz shows you a series of images, and your task is to figure out whether each one is an actual photograph or a faked picture that resulted from photo manipulation. Some are pretty obvious, while others may cause you to scratch your head. So how good are you at discerning between real and fake?
History and the Truth
How is being a good fact checker important when studying History?
Which Hitler? How do Historians have such different views?
Proponents of this view include Hans Mommsen, Martin Broszat, and the infamous David Irving, who dubbed Hitler ‘probably the weakest leader Germany has known this century´. Their position is that Hitler paid little interest in the workings of government, preferring instead to focus on foreign policy and his own personal projects, like the architectural planning of the cities he would conquer. Decision-making stopped involving cabinet meetings, and become a matter of simply catching his ear, and suggesting a policy idea to him. This view fits in well with the functionalist/structuralist vision of Nazi Germany, which stresses the idea that it was the ‘system’ that drove policy, rather than Hitler himself.
A strong dictator
Although no one nowadays really suggests that the Nazi government was an immaculately organized and functioning machine, the other view is that Hitler was in charge of policy-making, especially when it came to foreign affairs and anti-semitic policy. Hilgruber and Hildebrand, both intentionalists, argue that Hitler’s intentions were the driving force for the direction of the Third Reich, and even when they were not always stated, no one deviated far from them. These two historians both agree that central to these plans were Hitler’s Weltanscaaung, or ‘World View’, which involved territorial conquest and racial extermination. All decisions were based around this, meaning that Hitler was always responsible for what happened, either directly or indirectly.
The Kershaw position
Predictably, Ian Kershaw offers more of a ‘synthesis’ view, blending the two positions to arrive at a more complex and probably more accurate view of power in the Third Reich. In his book, The ‘Hitler Myth’, Kershaw argues that Hitler and Goebbels carefully constructed an image of Der Fuhrer that became the ultimate source of authority, and whose imagined will was the last word on what happened in the Third Reich. In other words, it wasn’t Hitler who exercised power in Nazi Germany, it was the image of Hitler, something that represented the German people, and everything that was successful about the new regime. Decisions were often taken from below, but they were done so according to how people believed this idealized Hitler would want them to be. In addition, far from being a result of his failings as a leader, the infighting and rivalry that went on within government was something desired by Hitler, who often let people battle it out against each other in a Darwinistic way.
1. How are the views different?
2. Why might Historians have different views on a subject?
3. Are Historians biased?
4. What Hitler is the right one?
Create your own fake news
What happened to mark pullen? Can you solve the mystery?
In pairs, groups or on your own you should try and solve the mystery of Mark Pullen. You will be given a series of evidence and you should try and work out what happened using evidence to back up your theory.