WAR, REVOLT AND OVERTHROW OF THE MONARCHY 1792-3
tHE REPUBLIC AT WAR 1792-3
PRE-READING AND FOCUSED COMPREHENSION
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Independent Inquiry: Why was Louis XVI Executed on January 21st 1793?
The Execution of Louis XVI
How far was Louis XVI responsible for his own death?
This is a key debate in the study of the French Revolution. In the period before his death in January 1793 there were attempts to establish a constitutional monarchy but this ended with the execution of Louis in 1793.
This question requires you to consider the following:
- What attempts were made to establish a constitutional Monarchy between 1789 and 1792?
- Why did these attempts fail?
- Who or what were responsible for these failures?
- Was a constitutional monarchy possible?
- When did the idea of establishing a Republic emerge?
- What actions did Louis XVI take that could be considered responsible for his own downfall?
- Which events were out of his control?
In order to conduct this inquiry you should read as widely as possible around the events 1789 - 1793 (January)
Your research should include the following:
- Reform Programs of the National Assembly
- The rise of political clubs (Jacobins, Cordeliers, Feuillants, Girondins)
- Dissatisfaction with the pace of the Revolution (Urban and rural)
- The Flight to Varennes
- The Champs de Mars Massacre
- The Constitution and the Legislative Assembly
- The development of a counter revolution
- The Declaration of Pillnitz
- Revolutionary war
- The Brunswick Manifesto
- Attack on the Tuileries
- The Abolishment of the Monarchy
- The Trial of Louis XVI
Key People: Robespierre, Danton, Desmoulins, Herbert, Brissot, Marat, Mirabeau
Podcast on the Constitutional Phase