WHAT WAS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE NAZIS AND THE CHURCHES WITHIN GERMANY?
HOW: RESEARCH HOW DIFFERENT RELIGIOUS GROUPS EITHER WERE COMPLICIT WITH OR OPPOSED NAZI IDEOLOGY.
The Protestant church
Activity 1: Read through page 114-115.
Make notes on the following; Protestant similarities and sympathies with Nazism, The German Christian Movement, The Reich Church, The Pastors' Emergency League, the Confessional Church.
THE CATHOLIC CHURCH
Activity 2: Make a timeline between 1933 and 1945 of the level of complicity and opposition offered by the Catholic and Protestant churches, use the pages in the text book.
Activity 3: With Burning Anxiety (1937)
Spend 5 minutes skimming and scanning through the 1937 encyclical issued by Pope Pius XI. What criticisms implicit and explicit are leveled by the Catholic Church at Nazi Germany?
Encyclical Mit Brennender Sorge of Pius XI, 14 March 1937
THE GERMAN fAITH MOVEMENT
Activity 4: Complete some extra research on the German Faith Movement. Why do you think that it was never particularly popular given the widespread support for Hitler in the 1930's?
How far did the Churches limit the influence of the Nazi State?